||Objects on and
around Titanic: Discussion, Tulloch expedition results (1987), with
Vera Galespie on the Navatril family.
expedition, George Tulloch.
observations: Crew, Titanic survivor Eva Hart, 1991 IMAX/MIR expedition.
Louise Pope, June 28, 1991: Opinions on raising artifacts, and perhaps
even Titanic’s bow section.
||Bill Broad on
Titanic artifacts, 1993.
||Robert Ballard on
26 - 27
||Bill MacQuitty, Oct.
25, 1993: Titanic steel, Captain Stanley Lord (of the Californian),
||Walter Lord and Tom
Dettweiler on Captain Smith’s “missing time.”
||Walter Lord, Stanley
Resor, on leadership, Sept. 13, 1993.
30 - 45
||Walter Lord, C.
Pellegrino, discussion for book proposal, “Artifact,” Sept. 13, 1993:
||People who very late
in sinking, thought Titanic would remain afloat.
||Near the end,
Charles Joughin meeting Dr. O’Loughlin.
||Dr. Simpson: “Spoken
like a true Ulster woman.” Also, Virginia [not Ada] Clark.
(looted items); Violet Jessop.
||[Bottom] mail room;
Mrs. Chambers (ice through stateroom porthole), Boxhall, Henry Harper,
ship’s doctor [RE also, Voyage 34, Fall 2000, medical care, Simpson,
||Walter Lord: Not
many below deck stories survive; Charles Joughin is among these.
||Walter Lord: The
Goldsmiths [see also pp 450-461]
||Walter Lord: The
slow revelation of danger; Smith orders staterooms locked; looting;
Ryerson’s maid almost gets locked in. More on Stephen Blackwell’s
brushes found on body of looting crew member.
||Walter Lord: More on
child (Alfred Rush) lost with Mr. Goldsmith [RE also 42A, 42B].
||Alfred Rush and
George Theobald details.
||Menus; Jurassic Park
G. Poinar, Recital Page (N.Y.S. Supreme Court), required by Discovery
Channel, C. Haas, G. Tulloch, prior to 1996 expedition Titanic VIII.
(Arthur C. Clarke: “This should be the last word on some famous first
||Walter Lord on
Boxhall, ice damage in first seconds, April 10, 1991.
||Walter Lord, C.
Pellegrino: Timing of iceberg impact (Boxhall’s walk replicated in
Lord’s apartment, April 10, 1991) - and Captain Smith, afterward;
Titanic probably ½ mile from berg, impact site, after final Full-Stop.
||Walter Lord, C.
Pellegrino: downblast; Lightoller pinned against the grille; Col.
Gracie’s harrowing ride down.
||Walter Lord (1991):
Bride and Phillips; the lady who fainted in the Marconi Shack; Dr.
O’Loughlin’s (or Simpson’s, or both): orders to stay inside the ship at
the very end, and to prepare by getting very drunk for the final plunge.
||Walter Lord, C.
Pellegrino: Losses among 3rd Class, including entire Rice Family
(notation that Eugene Rice, FDNY, heard relatives had sailed on Titanic
and were lost); differences in defining “age of a man” for boys in 1st
and 3rd class, including R. Abbot’s boys. In 3rd class, some exits to
the top deck were blocked, some were not.
||George Rheims and
“shots in the dark.”
||W. Lord on Captain
Smith sitting with the Thayers and Ismay (“Amongst the ice”); Rothschild
and F. Dent Ray encounter.
||W. Lord: Rothschild
and Ray in denial; purser handing out belongings; post office, mail bags
preserved, preservation of paper; further notes on evidence of looting
||W. Lord, C.
Pellegrino: Mail paper (locations of, RE also p 50); Boxhall (more on
location when he heard the warning bells); G. Rowe.
||W. Lord on
preservation, Ballard, and the Grand Stairway.
||W. Lord: Some notes
on the Californian Incident.
||Walter Lord, C.
Pellegrino (with annotations): On “The Lay of the Ice,” with maps and
||W. Lord, C.
Pellegrino: Lights seen from Californian and Titanic.
||W. Lord: Mrs.
Mellinger gives Lightoller her fur coat after rescue; he gives her his
whistle [daughter, Mellinger] never forgave Walter Lord for testing the
whistle, blowing it, feeling that Lightoller should have been the last
person to actually use it.
of Californian incident.
||W. Lord, C.
Pellegrino: Determining probable final locations of mail written aboard
Titanic during voyage. RE also COM. FILE, Letter by Eva hart and her
||Walter Lord: More
analysis of seconds to impact; the signals received below deck by
Barrett and simultaneous breach of hull.
||W. Lord: Captain
Stanley Lord (of the Californian) vs Walter Lord and Holt over A Night
||George Tulloch and
Walter Lord, March 25, 1991: Disposition RE Titanic artifacts; W. Lord
agrees with Tulloch’s principles.
(3/25/91): Proposal for blowing away sediment to reveal iceberg damage.
[Later, sediment penetrating sonar is applied.]
||G. Tulloch, C.
Pellegrino (3/25/91): Why Ballard probably was not looking at iceberg
damage in parted seams; bottom impact; Tulloch on, “Why 22 knots that
(3/25/91): Was Ismay in charge of the ship’s speed? Coal Bunker 10 fire;
Tulloch asks some good questions about the fire, Barrett’s testimony,
and Captain Smith.
(3/25/91): Some observations on heroism.
||G. Tulloch, C.
Pellegrino (3/25/91): A note on Hatshepsut sarcophagus fragment rumors
(a persistent tale in Thebes).
(3/25/91): Proposal to get bot into Coal Bunker 10, see if it’s empty as
Barrett said, or were they still putting a fire out?
(3/25/91): In defense of Captain Smith, taking the high road (Doumas vs
Marinatos example), an inordinate belief in technology.
||Bill MacQuitty, W.
Lord (1991): On Alfred White and Archie Frost (also Jack Thayer, who
||Edith Russell (BBC,
April 14, 1970). See also p 530 (+) Comm File, E. Russell’s diary, W.
Lord (under Passengers, “In Their Own Words, Titanic,”
||(A) Futrelle (B) Ken
Marschall, 2009 analysis and conclusions, mapping report on open
portholes, open gangway doors.
||Marjorie Newell Robb
(1991): Stairway floating; consistent with Joseph Scarrott (RE: Lord
Mercey) account of a man floating on part of a large stairway (Scarrott,
aboard the other lifeboat that went back).
||Sir Arthur C. Clarke
RE Ruth Blanchard (age 104).
||Literary agent R.
Galen on Artifact (before W. Lord became ill and said the book should be
a solo project - time to pass the torch to a new generation, with
request that the new generation also “pass the torch forward.” The book
became Ghosts of the Titanic [Title was changed out of courtesy, because
a good book by that title already existed]).
||C. Pellegrino, S.
King RE Titanic, archaeology.
||Edith Russell (April
28, 1956): Explaining to Walter Lord, the toy pig (initially, she was
angry at Walter).
||Hugh Woolner (April
26, 1912): P151: W. Lord RE Woolner on Steward J. Hardy.
Silverthorne to W. Lord; noted that he saw berg go aft and out of sight
as ship moved on.
Taking a young Spanish bride aboard Boat 8.
||Helen Candee (May,
1912): “Sealed Orders.”
||Mrs Thayer, letter
to President Taft RE his friend, Archie Butt.
||R.N. Williams: Vivid
description of the break and rising of the stern; shots in the dark.
||Alfred White, Archie
Frost: Bill MacQuitty, Walter Lord; letter by Frank Johnston with Alfred
White letter, from 1912. (RE: Crew, in, “In Their Own Words, Titanic,”
||R. N. Williams (May
1964) to Walter Lord (including note on the music heard).
||Walter Lord, July
1957 to Mr. Vallance, RE music heard.
||Anna Sjoblom, notes
RE letter to Walter Lord, and discussions. Sjoblom mentions closed
stairway (against 3rd class). See also p 56, W. Lord: Losses among 3rd
Class. Sjoblom notes (RE: W. Lord, p192), escape via crew emergency
stairway (p193, 195). Joseph Scarrott, in British Inquiry, described the
stairway in detail; Lightoller believed the Boat Deck was not for 3rd
||J. Witter (2nd Class
smoke room steward) to W. Lord. Cleaning the smoke room at moment of
impact. P 198 [RE: pp125-128, Edith Russell; probably the hysterical
woman he helped into Boat # 11]. P198: Lights slowly fade after break-up
of the stern.
Silverthorne, interview with Walter Lord, July 14, 1955: includes
observed height of iceberg.
206 - 207
||Mrs. Paul Schabert:
Letter, aboard Carpathia, April 18, 1912. Boat #11 [Edith Russell; see
also p 386]. Why Schabert did not get into lifeboat without her brother,
and a man telling her she made a great mistake not getting into that
boat. The man was Ismay. Sees outlines of great icebergs all around.
Orchestra first playing in drawing room. Alternating sentences about
widows, and babies saved while both parents drowned - alternating with
sentences about jewelry lost. Phillips is said to have tapped out to
Carpathia, “No hope for me.”
208 - 209 - 210 - 211 - 212
||Karl H. Behr, (Boat
5, with Pittman): Passengers rebelled against going back; Ismay on deck;
during early starboard list, notes passengers went instinctively uphill,
to port, and toward the side of the ship dominated by Lightoller’s
deadly rules; Behr under impression that they would return to Titanic
(after it was stabilized) and that lifeboats were for 1st class only.
213 - 219
||Mrs. John Stewart
White, letter to her cousin, April 22, 1912: She is the 1st class woman
described by Henry Harper (and others) wearing a Kimono. The impact
[p1005 at Amer. Inq.; stateroom forward starboard, E Deck] - like
running over a bed of pebbles. Had been treated in room by ship’s
surgeon after tripping on a rug and spraining ankle. On deck, men were
angry about unnecessary launch of lifeboats [RE: E. Russell corroborates
this, in her BBC Interview]. Boat 8 (?). Jokes as first boats depart;
wonders later, why so many very young children in last lifeboats are
Simpson: Letter by Charles Lightoller to the mother of Dr. Simpson, May
||A passenger who last
saw Dr. Simpson: Letter, Lizette Simpson (sister) to their mother,
October 8, 1912.
223 - 230
||Celiney Yasbeck (3rd
class, newly married; husband, Antoni, lost): Letter to Walter Lord,
June 15, 1955: describes being thrown out of bed at impact, and early
flooding of rooms in bow section.
231 - 238
letter to his wife, April 19, 1012: Near place where Grand Stairway
broke; saw and heard gunshots; lost Joe Loring - tangled in ropes. The
“horrible explosions” came long after disentangled from ropes and
chairs. As ship breaks up, after much earlier “first explosion”
(probably the break-away and rising of the grand stairway), Rheims
reaches Boat A (see also p 421).
239 - 241
||Ernest Hill (the
Lapland): From a letter to W. Lord from Arnold A. Robert, Feb. 7, 1956 -
regarding a friend of Titanic Marconi Operator Phillips.
242 - 252
||Mrs Louis M. Ogden
(1st class passenger): Letter to W. Lord, Nov. 25, 1955, about being on
the Carpathia, afterward.
254 - 259
||Steward F. Dent Ray,
letter to Walter Lord, 1955 (see also p798, Amer. Inquiry).
260 - 265
||Helen R. Ostby (1st
class passenger), letter to W. Lord, 1956: Notes on men jumping into the
lifeboat; Pittman’s judgment.
266 - 267
||Ida Strauss, letter
mailed from Titanic (Wednesday), posted from Cherbourg, France:
Describes the near collision between the Titanic and the New York.
masseuse, Titanic’s Turkish Baths (annotated interview, typed, by Walter
Lord, July 1955): Premonitions; finding the Turkish Baths in messy
condition, requiring a long clean-up and final detailing by Slocomb;
mail clerk Iago Smith (“I smell ice”); awakened by impact in a bunk near
the Turkish Baths; Steward Wheat pushes “Sloky” into Boat 11, follows;
Slocomb tires of Edith Russell’s constantly playing musical toy pig to
the children in #11, one of whom Slocomb took into the boat; aboard
Carpathia, a mother rushes up and finds the baby Slocomb had been
holding all night. Heard music, identifies “Nearer my God to Thee.”
269 - 278
||Karl H. Behr, memoir
account, to Walter Lord, 1955: The too large ship in which crew did not
know where the squash court was located. Seeing men unfamiliar with
their own ship did not bode well to Behr. Felt collision aft, on C Deck,
but believed ship was okay because the engines started running forward
again. Reports ice gathered in portholes, starboard. “Helen” referred to
in E Deck starboard room is Mr. Beckwith’s step-daughter (NOTE: It is
Beckwith’s satchel that Tulloch expedition recovered in 1987, evidently
filled with monogrammed items from several staterooms near forward Geand
Stairway). Notes on Ismay, after he saw Captain Smith heading below
decks, alone. Behr states he did not want to obey Ismay’s urging to find
a space in the boats. Forward on the curved Boat deck, slants up toward
bow: list not as noticeable, forward. Observes the lethal confusion of
sending people initially to the glassed-in Promenade Deck and then
lowering lifeboats to Promenade… a man offers Behr a gun, in the
lifeboat (fearing that they will become castaways). Behr in the court
case, with regard to Ismay’s, “I was only a passenger” defense. Behr
said otherwise: Ismay was authority, not a passenger.
||Harry G. Barr,
letter about his father and Captain Rostron of the Carpathia, September
280 - 284
||Mrs J.J. Astor, by
W.H. Dobbyn, letter, May 15, 1912: “Haunting” the White Star office for
word of people at sea [RE also: K.H. Behr, p277, parag. 3]; impact;
engines start again; saw ice on the port hole window. In the lifeboat,
people refused to row back and rescue those left behind on ocean surface
after Titanic disappeared. Mr. Astor, at the lifeboats, had put his hat
on a boy and intimidated Lightoller into letting the boy enter a
lifeboat, and live.
285 - 306
||Mrs. Paul Schabert
[RE: Typed transcript, pp 206 - 207].
307 - 316
Sloan, letter written aboard the Lapland [RE also, Ernest Hill,
p239-241], April 27, 1912: Impact; Dr. Simpson (“spoken like a true
Ulster girl”); Dr. O’Loughlin. On stepping away from a lifeboat, and
later seeing the panic begin (p314). Picking up survivors from an
overturned collapsible boat.
317 - 324
Rowe, letter to Walter Lord: Iceberg as it passed stern, firing the
distress rockets, Ismay departing in Boat C.
325 - 330
letter, April 18, 1913: Ismay and Iceberg warnings; abandoning a call
for help from the Deutschland.
331 - 334
Blackwell (nephew of) 1st class passenger: evidence of stateroom looting
by someone in a crew jersey, as Titanic sank. Grandmother’s premonition.
335 - 354
Harold Bride’s original, handwritten report to the Marconi Company (see
analysis under CREW, “In Their Own Words, Titanic” section).
355 - 412
Detailed memoir for her family: “Down to the Sea in Ships.” (As in
Ghosts of the Titanic and film, Ghosts of the Abyss.)
413 - 420
||Harold Godfrey Lowe,
Affidavit, British Consulate, New York, May, 1912: Inspected Titanic’s
lifeboats in Belfast, and afterward aboard Carpathia. Practice lowering
of sample lifeboats in Southampton was only boat drill he saw take place
on Titanic. Saw ice notice on chart; calculated that Titanic would not
be in position of ice during his watch. 6 - 8PM, 74 revolutions, full
speed ahead; turned in at 8PM and did not notice a drop in temperature
up to that time; slept through 11:40PM impact. P 417: Interesting
conversation with Moody. Ends up in command of #14 and several other
boats routed together; went to scene of sinking with sail up and a small
crew after transferring most passengers off into other lifeboats. During
initial lowering, says fired a revolver in air as passed each deck,
after men tried to dive into #14. See also Joseph Scarrott (Brit. Inq.):
The other boat that went back, picking up survivors.
421 - 424
||RE Joe Loring,
George Rheims - letter to Walter Lord, April 1987 (paper dating from
just before Titanic voyage, p423), daughter of Loring asks if this was a
425 - 427
letter to Walter Lord, Nov 2, 1955.
||Captain Anderson on
430 - 432
Traut, BBC, 1975, and letter to William MacQuitty, 1958: records an
instance of mutation of memory - swears she heard animals (chickens and
cows) in steerage.
433 - 437
||Miss Francatelli (of
the Duff Gordon party), letter, April 28, 1912: Description of E Deck
forward impact (in Saloon passengers’ [servants’] quarters); see Wilding
on screwing down of doors outside her stateroom; Mrs Duff Gordon not
wanting to leave husband; story of pandemonium and gunshots near last
438 - 442
Schwarzenbach (maiden name Frolicher in 1912), letter to Walter Lord,
1955: Introduces herself as “the seasick Swiss Titanic survivor” - now a
grandmother with 12 grandchildren living from Connecticut to California
and Zurich; observations RE impact, Pittman at Boat 5, on Murdoch’s side
of the ship, where men were allowed to enter the lifeboats with their
wives and children, breaking the bottleneck and filling as many seats as
443 - 445
||Mary Hewett, letter,
aboard Laconia, May 30, 1912: Icebergs around Boat #13; complaints about
“unemployed class” survivors in lifeboat.
446 - 449
(maiden name Gilgnash in 1912, 3rd class passenger), interview with
Walter Lord, July 20, 1955 (annotated 1998 with W. Lord, B. MacQuitty):
“Don’t you hate when that happens?” Same age as Celeney Yasbeck (p223);
immigrating to America with other 15 and 16-year-old “colleens.” Berth
Q161, aft, with four other girls. Sunday, early: bagpiper (probably
Eugene Daly); a rat in the room: “Must be a safe ship. The rats don’t
want to leave.” Awakened after 11:40PM impact by the bagpipe playing
passenger, telling her something was wrong with the ship. Long struggle
to the Boat Deck through deserted 2nd class section after navigating
egress around locked gate zone. 3rd class women told they could not get
into a forward boat, one of the last on davits. “Kate” lied about having
a sister already in the boat, and escaped (Eugene Daly was probably by
now either swimming away or close to being in the water). She became a
darling of the Carpathia’s crew, especially the master at arms. Strange
moment of denial: convinced herselfself , in the lifeboat, that
shipwrecks were common (this was her first crossing) and was actually
able to sleep, believing this was simply one of the hazards of ocean
travel and that one normally switched from lifeboats to another ship in
mid-ocean and everyone usually survived. Kate reports that aunt and
uncle in New York did not meet her, because she was listed among the
450 - 461
(with notes by W. Lord; see also p 39), March, January, 1956, and
letters, 1912-1914. P461, Oct., 1970: Goldsmith to Jeffrey Rapp - 3rd
Class, five in family (only Frank and mother survived). Frank on Sam
Collins; on lowering of the collapsible boat that caught on starboard
gunwale and rivets several times due to late list to port; would always
assume later that ship had been damaged on port side due to heavy list
in that direction (hence, Nov. 1955 letter to publisher, Holt, pointing
out belief that iceberg must have struck port side). Letter aboard
Lapland: Amt Stanley to Mrs. Goldsmith, words about their dining steward
(lost). Rosa (Rhoda) Abbott to Mrs. Goldsmith: so many children lost
including her own, mentions the Sage family; notes on the Sage family,
and Emily Badman; Goldsmith copy of 3rd class menu. Letter to J. Rapp
(more confusion about starboard and port).
462 - 482
Groves (of the Californian), letters to Walter Lord, July 17, 1955;
April 23, 1957; Nov. 15, 1958: Groves estimates mystery ship, seen from
Californian, moved about ½ mile southward, veering to port after
seeming, over a 30 second period (in a manner consistent with passage
around the far side of an iceberg), to douse and then to re-open its
lights. Stopped, started up again, stopped after about ½ mile, just as
the Titanic did, at this same time. Californian incident continues, in
detail, from Groves’ perspective.
||Objects from debris
field, including “RLB” satchel with a golden telescoping pencil,
engraved “RLB, 1908.”
484 - 502
||Mrs. Henry B.
Harris, interview by Walter Lord, May 31, 1964, and Memoir (p487): The
Harrises loved to play cards. Mrs Harris fell down stairs during voyage
and suffered compound fracture of arm. Continued with card games and
managed to keep out a card sharp. Sunday April 14: Dinner near captain
about 6:30PM; recalls conversation with Captain Smith. At point of
impact, was playing favorite card game, in room, with husband (never
played it since), noticed clothes swaying; the Futrelles; passengers
kept back in 3rd class; children in lifeboat with parents kept back; the
crying girls and then, “a silence as deep as death.” A pair of secret
lovers known to the Harrises (like the “Rosenshines”); life after the
503 - 504
||T.D. Haubner -
Marconi Operator, letter to W. Lord, Feb., 14, 1956: opinions relevant
to the Californian.
505 - 509
letters to Walter Lord and Holt, Jan 17, 1956, Feb., 1956: correcting
error about Titanic being first to use the S.O.S. signal; it was the
Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, August 11, 1909.
511 - 514
||Elland Moody, friend
of Titanic musician Hartley, in latter from Roland Hind, Aug. 1, 1956:
Hind’s interview with a cousin of Wallace Hartley, Mrs. C. Foulds, RE:
“Nearer My God to Thee.”
515 - 527
||Walter Hurst (oiler,
Titanic), letter to Walter Lord, 1955: Father-in-law was with him in
same crew quarters during “grinding crash.” Describes people kept below
for a very long time; advised people who denied crisis into lifeboats,
told them ship is sinking; tried then to calm a man who put his wife off
in a boat, that if she (Titanic) could stay afloat till daybreak, they
could trust that the Marconi apparatus would have, by then, brought
rescue ships. Wilde or Murdoch fires shots. Hurst tried to get Boat A
down from roof and launched; hears terrible crashing sound and jumps
just ahead of dunking under of the Bridge (consistent with what Thayer
heard, likely the breakaway of the Grand stairway).
528 - 532
||Leo James Hyland,
letter to W. Lord, June 7, 1955: Joined the Titanic from the New York
(the ship that was almost struck by Titanic; description of air pressure
rise in the bow after impact with iceberg.
533 - 542
Jessop, undated letter, about the time the film version of A Night to
Remember was released: Notes that the mystery ship she believed to be
near the Titanic, drifting in north with lights on, was a reason for
calm on the decks, at least in her case.
543 - 560
(fireman, Titanic), letter to Walter Lord, June 19, 1955: Impact,
believed ship had run aground off banks of Newfoundland. Recounts
actions taken, requiring him to go over boiler room ceilings that were
sealed at the tops (roof hatches closed) because of flooding in forward
boiler rooms. Crew were dragging belongings and even bedding up to top
of forecastle (Kemish believed, then, that this was funny). In boiler
room, saw engineer Shepherd slip and break his leg; helped him into pump
room. Near the end, saw William Stead in smoking room, calmly reading
after most boats were gone; convinced Stead would remain in chair
reading no matter what happened; at stern, took a leap at a rope after
throwing down chairs and other possible makings of a raft; swam to #11
or #9, Paddy McGough in charge; voices when stern disappeared - “like
thousands of fans crying out at once at a Cup Final.” Recollections of
the friendly stowaways in the #1 cargo hold region (probably the first
to die aboard Titanic).
||George Harris (Chefs
Dept., Titanic), letter to Bill MacQuitty, Dec. 16, 1956: Saved by
Murdoch, along with two children, also saved by Murdoch. Helped mother
get torn carpets as blankets. Worked with Charles Joughin to save
children, mothers from 3rd class.
562 - 572
letter to Walter Lord, 1956. A reference for pp 57-58 in A Night to
Remember. 1992, though MacDonald describes a scenario for what might
have happened to Mr. Shepherd, Lord and Pellegrino judge the scenario
573 - 573
mis-numbered here; 580 became 570]: Charles Lightoller, Tediograph,
November 1, 1936, and notes from Walter Lord from his earlier contact
with Lightoller: Is of impression of having heard that ship had been
ordered into full astern by Murdoch. The ghastly transparency of the
water glowing in his stairwell gauge for a rate of flooding that
Lightoller refused to believe meant the ship was actually sinking. (See
comparisons of various Lightolller accounts, “Deconstructing Falling
Stars” and “The Dance of the Smokestacks” in, “In Their Own Words,
Titanic” (Charlespellegrino.com). The ordering of the gangway door
opened; the strange cutting of ropes, with Hemming. Lightoller says he
saw all boats away on starboard, from roof of officers quarters, yet
could not have missed seeing Murdoch at Boat A struggle (contradicts his
letter to Murdoch’s wife). In the water, looks up into huge outline of
stern eclipsing bright stars, “Absolutely perpendicular, she seemed.”
575 - 577
letter to Walter Lord, March 29, 1956: three years aboard Titanic’s
sister ship Olympic, as navigator (with company 1919-1928). Notes that
each year Captain Smith’s widow would visit Olympic and give the
officers each a rose; knew Lightoller and Titanic Lookout Frederick
Fleet. (Stone, in the Californian Incident.)
578 - 601
(child, 2nd class, with partially deaf mother), letters to Walter Lord,
beginning January 13, 1962: Was traveling with member of the Colgate
family, mother as new servant (she was educated, from a wealthy family
that had fallen on hard times). Boat 14, transferred to Boat 12 by Lowe.
Rescued Lightoller, mother saved his life and he gave her the famous
whistle, later willed to W. Lord. Lightoller was evidently dropped off
with the tied-off boats, to take charge from Boat 12, while Lowe, in
#14, towed the damaged Collapsable Boat A, under sail, to the Carpathia.
(It is the Mellinger letters that trace the writing of Colonel Gracie’s
book to Boucher’s Cottage, Long Beach, Long Island, N.Y.)
614 - 615
||Mrs. J.W. Anderson.
Recalls a “premonition,” (but notably, after the event).
(Edwina Corrigan Mackenzie; also Edwina Peterson Corrigan), 2nd class
passenger, Titanic, letter, June 5, 1912, to Mrs. Milling, about her
husband, Mr. Milling, who was lost. Mentions that she heard the ship
make a stumbling noise; blames herself for not asking men who stayed
aboard to write letters for her to give to their wives.
Susan Webber, in a 1912 letter: Describes break-up of Titanic. Like
Thayer, she seems to see a large shadowy object rising in Grand Stairway
region amid tremendous noise - saw break-away object still floating
(which she interpreted as the bow section): The stern rose high after
the break; the bow, less high, but still there [consistent with floating
segments of the stairway, or other floating large wreckage).
618 - 620
interview by Geoffrey Martin for Bill MacQuitty, Walter Lord, Pinewood
Studios, November 11, 1958: Made a particularly callous remark about 3rd
class saved that in 2001, historian Don Lynch found difficult to believe
(for he knew “Winnie” personally in later years as a very kind woman),
until he read these accounts, and saw that she had probably become a
better person through the years.
||Fred G. Vallance,
letter to Bill MacQuitty, June 17, 1957: Identifies - not the various
hymns of “Autumn,” in reference to a tune Harold Bride had mentioned -
but, rather more likely, “Songe D’ Autumne,” a 1912 popular waltz.
622 - 647
hand-written first draft, Pellegrino and Lord, Artifact as book proposal
(which became Ghosts of the Titanic).
648 - 656
(assistant Purser, Titanic), undated interview transcript: Rescued from
water by Boat 4. “Speed was talked about in spite of widely known ice
warnings; if we hadn’t hit that one iceberg, we’d have hit another.”
Only saw iceberg after hit it and after ship resumed steaming for about
½ mile: had to be a different iceberg from the one Titanic hit.
Passengers did not at first believe it necessary to get into lifeboats
but Prentice heard from Andrews that ship would sink, urged passengers
into boats. Went down into storerooms and assisted Joughin and kitchen
staff in rescue. Prentice stayed with ship, dove from broken stern, was
picked up by Boat 4, one of only two that came back seeking out
survivors of the sinking. Was able to feel a heavy rumbling and breaking
through the deck plates. Felt the ship break and saw most all the lights
go out on Starboard stern. Felt stern section suddenly moving into nose
down position, then come up again, then twist and settle almost vertical
before descending. Dove with his friend Ricks, past the propellers.
Ricks hit something hard, and died.
662 - 663
||Milvina Dean, on her
mother’s account: The women in Boat 13 wanted to throw a Chinese
passenger overboard. Census of Japanese and Chinese passengers,
including the one picked up by Lowe in Boat #14.
664 - 669
George Tulloch, August 15, 1994 (and annotations with Tom Dettweiler,
from Ballard’s team): Finding binoculars near the stern (two are ship’s
brand); binoculars and other Bridge items found far from the bow section
boiler-field, nearer the stern section, indicate to Tulloch early
break-up of the Bridge, probably by a steep down-angle at the moment of
break-away from the stern and an initial acceleration, before leveling
out to bottom impact angle - which surged the Bridge apart possibly
within 1,000 feet of the surface. Tom Dettweiler notes feasibility of
Tulloch scenario, adding that it is consistent with what he and Cousteau
saw of the Empress of Ireland Bridge (disintegrated before ship reached
bottom). [NOTE: Edmund Fitzgerald, bottom impact estimated at 35mph,
Thunder Bay lab.] Tulloch on differential preservation [p665-667]:
chronometer, barometric pressure equipment, all found near stern and to
south of stern. Menez Guen smokers (as one possible source of what would
later be identified as rusticle Consortia), newly discovered and just
explored by A Night to Remember Producer Bill MacQuitty’s daughter, a
670 - 678
||Matt Tulloch, June
14, 1995, at IP-3 Lab, France: The Pearl Shuttle letters and the Howard
Irwin diary - a new mystery.
687 - 692
Pre-1996 expedition Titanic VIII conference: Bodies and wreckage found
by the Mina. MacQuitty on his friend Edith Russell. Support for the
rescue and preservation of biologically endangered artifacts. Notes on
the effect survival had on making people MacQuitty knew, including Edith
Russell, into take-charge types who had a greater than usual
appreciation for the small things in life. As a boy, saw Titanic built
and leaving; certainly this confirmed his belief that “Too late,” are
the saddest words in any language. “They [the survivors] cherished their
friends more than most of us do.” Edith Russell on the set of A Night to
Remember. Stanley Lord vs Walter Lord; Ismay family trying to stop the
film, and the book. Bill MacQuitty also interviewed ship-workers, during
filming, who built Titanic. Learned that Catholics faced prejudice, then
(and “cursed every rivet”). He has a letter [p692] that forced him to
take a second look at the “NO POPE” myth, and to find it plausible.
693 - 722
(stewardess, Olympic, Titanic; nurse, Britannic): 1934 memoir to Walter
Lord (annotated with W. Lord, approx. [and some comments by J. Maxtone
Graham]1996). Some introductory notes on death in the early 20th century
in the absence of antibiotics or extensive clean drinking water; Panama
Canal Infectious Zone. P695 - 697, Mrs. H. Sleeper Harper identified.
Ned the engineer (a love interest) did not understand the life of the
demoralized stewards. The dish electric washing machine, with stewards’
tips (recovered by Tulloch). P698, Thomas Andrews; see also water
fountains for coal gang, discovered 2001. P699: Body of crewman with
looted items (Blackwell) RE Walter Lord and a Violet Jessop perspective
on the event. Rubberized deck tiles. P699-701: Transfer from Olympic to
Titanic, Jessop’s comparisons. Thomas Andrews, following inputs for
improvements of Titanic over Olympic, from stewardesses and coal gangs;
the improvements for those who resided below the forecastle. After
impact, Andrews was among few who saw to the safety of firemen and
forward third class passengers. August Weikman (Amer. Inq.), RE Andrews,
Joughin, and 3rd class passenger rescue efforts. P701-702: Jessop
recalls a voyage wrong from the start, with the insufferable Mrs.
Harper, remembered (with dread) from the Olympic. P702: After impact,
learning the true seriousness of it about midnight; the kindly doomed
steward who helped Jessop. P703: Jock Hume, of the band; Purser McElroy,
about 12:10 - 12:20AM. P703-704, Drs. O’Loughlin and Simpson; gold and
bread dropped and tripped over on the Boat Deck. P704-705: Charles
Joughin and assistant running up with babies from 3rd class; Harold
Lowe, and some of his racist ways, of the period. P705-706: Lifeboat
launch times. P707-708: Murdoch at nearly 75% of the launchings. Seaman
Frank Evans on Murdoch; Murdoch and Joughin “chucking” babies across to
save their mothers; Joughin refuses to take command of a lifeboat and
save himself even though Murdoch orders him to go; Jessop sees Joughin,
Andrews, and a chief deck steward throwing heavy wooden doors and other
potential floating raft materials overboard. P709-710: Mrs Frutrelle
(Boat 16); Bertha Mulvihille, on what she believed to be the last
sighting of the Rice family; Jessop watches the bow going slowly under,
by rows of portholes. P711-712: Futrelle RE glow of Titanic, glow of
bioluminescent organisms [others saw Aurora Borealis as well], and how
it seemed to her that the Titanic broke in two; Ernest Archer (also in
#16, Amer. Inq.); Jessop: “Like a hurt animal with a broken back.”
Aboard Carpathia, a woman runs up and snatches the baby Jessop had been
holding all night; crew and lifeboats later recycled to other ships,
including the Britannic. P713-722: Violet Jessop and the sinking of the